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TOP tips for business on protection from law enforcement

How to behave a witness during interrogation? 

Якщо ви займаєтесь бізнесом та взаємодієте з великою кількістю контрагентів чи приймаєте участь у держзакупівлях, то існує вірогідність того, що вами можуть зацікавитись правоохоронці 👮

Найпростіший для слідчого спосіб витягнути інформацію – викликати на допит. Якщо слідчий отримає потрібне, то це може обернутись негативними наслідками для вашого бізнесу. Тому дамо кілька простих та дієвих порад, як правильно поводитись під час допиту 👉

1️⃣ Gather information. During the conversation, find out from the investigator why you are summoned, in which criminal proceedings, what actions the investigator plans to take with your participation. If you have been sent a summons, copy and Google the number of the criminal proceedings. Information on your case can be published in the register of court decisions, and this will allow you to understand the essence of the case and better prepare for questioning.

2️⃣ Get a lawyer. The basic rule is to never go to the interrogation yourself. The presence of a lawyer will deter the investigator from abuse. The lawyer will also prepare you for questioning and will take communication with the investigator.

3️⃣ Don't talk too much. Give short answers to the investigator's questions that you are sure of. If you don't know or don't remember something, say so.

4️⃣ Check your impressions. Before signing the report, carefully read the content of the impressions, if necessary, make adjustments and sign under the impressions on each page of the protocol. Cross out the free columns to avoid posts.

🕐 Слідчий може викликати на допит not earlier than 3 days before the scheduled interrogation date, so you will have plenty of time to prepare.

How to act during a search?

Every year, law enforcement officers increase the number of searches, which constantly affects the work of business❗️

However, why have searches become more frequent? The law allows law enforcement officers to easily initiate criminal proceedings in minutes, which they enjoy. It is also easy for an investigator to obtain a court decision on a search.

Therefore, we recall the basic rules of conduct during the visit of law enforcement officers, relevant for both business owners and employees.

Tell your lawyer. Searches are always unexpected. Make sure you sign a contract with your lawyer in advance, as his or her presence prevents him from being abused by investigators and operatives.

Request a copy of the search warrant. The address in the decision must match your address. Already at this stage, it is possible to legally prevent a search, only after carefully reading the court decision!

Require identification. Only an investigator or prosecutor can conduct a search, it is possible to find out about the status of a person only from a certificate. In addition, if there is an abuse on the part of the participants in the search, you need to know exactly who conducted it, so that later it was possible to bring this person to justice.

Concerning mobile phones and data carriers. They should not be in a prominent place or on the desktop. It is best to keep with you, the phone should be put into silent mode.

We don't pass anything at militiamen. You do not have to tell anyone your passwords.

We do not give any impressions. When asked to speak, he refused to testify. Only officially, due to the service of the summons 3 days before the date of interrogation.

Following these simple tips will help you get searched with minimal risk to the team and the leader.

Do you need to prepare for a search? Order trainings for companies

More tips read in the article by Dmytro Nikiforov, a partner at Bargen Law Firm

Seizure of company accounts. What shall I do?

Do you do business, interact with a large number of contractors or participate in public procurement?

⚡️Then it is very likely that one day law enforcement officers will block the company's accounts in court, attributing involvement in embezzlement or cash withdrawal.

Однак скасувати арешт рахунків підприємства у кримінальному провадженні цілком реально. Для цього потрібно звернутись до суду із клопотанням про скасування арешту майна. Які аргументи потрібно підібрати для суду? 🧨

No suspicion. The investigator did not raise any suspicions against the officials of the enterprise in committing any offenses in these criminal proceedings, which indicates a lack of connection with the persons involved in the case.

The reality of business transactions with the contractor against whom the criminal proceedings are being investigated.

Attach evidence that will confirm the performance of the contract with the contractor (copies of contracts, acts of work performed / services provided, consignment notes, explanations of persons involved in the performance of the contract).

This will help to confirm the absence of any illegal actions on the part of your company, as well as confirm that the seized funds were obtained legally and have no signs of physical evidence.

Improper subject of appeal. If there is no official suspicion of the company's management, the company has the status of a person whose property has been seized. In this case, only the prosecutor, not the investigator, has the right to request the seizure of the account. Violation of the arrest procedure may also be a reason for its cancellation.

✅ Depending on the situation, it is possible to note the absence of losses; no civil lawsuit; delaying the investigation of the case in order to prevent the lawful economic activity of the enterprise, which leads to significant material damage.

Якісно підготовлене клопотання про скасування арешту рахунків запорука позитивного судового рішення 👌

You can read more about the lifting of the seizure from the accounts in the article by Bargen partner Dmitry Nikiforov (https://bit.ly/35NjiSX).

Criminal case as a result of inspection of the enterprise

In 2020, regulatory authorities plan to conduct 92 thousand inspections. Earlier in the article on the consequences of inspections of regulatory authorities we described one of the main risks for business - going to court to sue to stop the company. However, the supervisory authorities, after conducting inspections, also began to turn to law enforcement agencies.

What are the grounds for appealing to the law enforcement agencies?
👉 Недопуск інспектора до проведення перевірки
👉 Порушення правил безпеки, які створили ризик для життя і здоров’я людини чи навколишнього середовища

Criminal case creates additional risks for business:
📌 Проведення обшуку на території підприємства
📌 Арешти обладнання
📌 Вилучення документів та відео з камер спостережень
📌 Деморалізація колективу

To avoid negative consequences, we recommend conducting an audit, legal training of employees, support of the inspection during and after it.

💫Детальніше про кримінальні ризики перевірок контролюючих органів, судову практику та рекомендації щодо захисту read in the article by Bargen partner Dmitry Nikiforov

Agreement on conciliation in a criminal case

Можливо ви бачили в американських фільмах, як злочинці йдуть на угоду з прокурором, щоб отримати менше покарання 👊 В Україні діє схожий інструмент, який дозволяє укласти угоду потерпілого з обвинуваченим 👉

When does it work?
💼 У дрібних справах. Є багато справ, по яких власника можуть відволікати на суди. Наприклад, крадіжки майна чи грошей підприємців, різні види шахрайства, вчинені будь-ким (відвідувачі, продавці, касири). Якщо справа щодо особи вже направлена в суд, а вас визнали потерпілим, то у таких випадках угода збереже ваш час. Суд розглядає угоду в 1 засідання.

What is it interesting for an entrepreneur?
📌 В угоді можливо передбачити відшкодування збитків у конкретний строк в обмін на менше покарання або ж умовний термін. Інтерес обвинуваченого зрозумілий, тому є реальний шанс отримати відшкодування.

📌 Хто може ініціювати угоду?
Як обвинувачений, так і потерпілий. Затверджується угода в судовому засіданні за їх участі, тому в одне засідання таки доведеться з’явитись 🙂

More about concluding a reconciliation agreement read in the article by Bargen partner Dmitry Nikiforov.

Criminal offenses and consequences for business

З 1 липня у Кримінальному кодексі з’явилось таке поняття як “кримінальний проступок” 👮‍♀️ Якщо простими словами, то це ніби лайт-версія злочинів, які розглядаються по спрощеній процедурі і за вчинення яких особа не отримує судимість.

How will this affect the business?
The changes create risks of increasing the number of corporate frauds ⚠️
From now on, the seizure of funds in the amount of up to UAH 100,000 is not a crime but a misdemeanor. That is, a scammer can simply pay a fine and not even get a criminal record‼ ️

How to detect?
У більшості випадків такі шахрайства здійснюють працівники, які мають доступ до фінансів 💰 Наприклад, необгрунтоване зниження фінансових показників підприємства є індикатором вчинення шахрайства.

The phenomenon is so widespread that even the absence of detected cases of theft in recent years can only indicate their clever concealment. Therefore, it is time to audit and pay attention to employees who have access to cash, bank accounts or valuables.

Businesses at all levels suffer from corporate fraud. What do we recommend to the owner?

✅ Periodically engage an external consultant to conduct the audit
✅ Switch to non-cash forms of payment
✅ Introduce a control system that will monitor the movement of finances
✅ Create a transparent system of motivation for employees (bonuses, bonuses)

Дотримання вказаних рекомендацій істотно знизить ризики корпоративних шахрайств 💰

Чи можуть слідчі надсилати повістки на допит у месенджерах? 📲

⚠️Recently, investigators have replaced the practice of sending summonses by mail to a more convenient one for themselves. Agendas are sent directly to Viber, WhatsApp, Telegram, etc.
Do you have to appear before the investigator on a certain date and time?

The law defines the following methods of calling:
1️⃣ direct delivery of the summons to the person;
2️⃣ sending it by mail, e-mail or facsimile;
3️⃣ making a call by phone or telegram.

As there is no mention in the list of sending summonses to mobile applications, the investigator has no right to send them to Viber, WhatsApp, Telegram, etc., and you are not obliged to appear before the investigator.

What do courts take into account if an investigator requests permission to force a person to appear due to non-appearance?
✅It is not possible to confirm that the summons was sent by the investigator and the recipient's number is assigned to a specific person
✅ The profile photo in the messenger is also not a confirmation of receiving the summons, because every user has such an opportunity
✅ The law does not provide for calls via mobile applications, as it is not possible to confirm receipt of the summons by a person.

What to do in case of receiving a summons in the application?
💡Не відповідайте на повідомлення
💡Перешліть повістку своєму адвокату для отримання консультації

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