Every year the number of apartments in the primary market increases. In Kyiv alone, their number reached 70,000 in 2017. At the same time, more than 100 new buildings in Kyiv are problematic. Although the era of fraudsters Elite Center already behind, but even today not all developers are bona fide.
Thus, many new buildings are erected without permits, which, in turn, either makes it impossible to put such a house into operation, or generates long-term delivery. In order not to be left without an apartment and money, you should carry out a full inspection of the construction site and the developer.
It is better to apply for a professional legal inspection of the new building and the developer to lawyers working in this field. If this is not possible, then a surface inspection can be done independently.
What to pay attention to first of all?
To verify the owner or tenant of the land created Public cadastral map. The information contained in it is open, so everyone can check location of the land plot, its cadastral number, form of ownership, purpose of the land plot, as well as its area. For the construction of a house, the site must be assigned the correct purpose, for example: for the construction and maintenance of an apartment building.
Example of land search.
You can find out about the problems with the land plot (arrests, bans) after receiving a certificate from State Register of Real Rights of real estate, The search criteria can be selected cadastral number, which you found on the Public cadastral map, the address of the land or the name of the developer.
For the construction of a residential building, the developer is obliged to obtain town-planning conditions and restrictions on the development of the land plot. This is a document that contains planning and architectural requirements for design and construction. For buildings in Kiev, such information can be obtained from Urban cadastre of Kyiv. For other regions, information should be sought on local council websites. It has also been created on the website of the Kyiv Urban Planning Cadastre interdepartmental center of building of Kiev on which illegal constructions of the city are noted.
In addition, in order to build a multi-storey building, the developer must obtain a construction permit, which can be checked on the website State Architectural and Construction Inspectorate of Ukraine On the specified site you can check and the contractor's license to carry out construction, the presence of which is mandatory.
Example of finding a construction permit.
After making a request to Unified State Register of Legal Entities, Individual Entrepreneurs and Public Associations, you can check the founders of the developer, its activities, whether it is declared bankrupt or whether it is not open enforcement proceedings against him for outstanding debts. To find out about the debts of the developer to the state, you need to use the service State Fiscal Service.
Example of finding a company in the registry.
An important step in verification is to search in Unified State Register of Court Decisions litigation not only on the object of construction and land, but also whether the developer sued the buyers for breach of their obligations.
We should not forget about the reputation of the developer, the number of facilities put into operation and the number of years of activity in the market. You can use information obtained from the media or forums. However, such information may not always be true, so it should also be carefully checked.
As you can see, when inspecting a new building, you should take into account many factors. Of course, even the most positive conclusion about the developer is not a guarantee of 100% delivery of the object. However, having carried out a legal inspection of the new building, You will know exactly which object is better not to invest.
Andriy Gevko, lawyer, partner of the law firm Bargen
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